Specialist organisations and publications
There is a high level of activity and a significant number of players, both in Norway and internationally, that contribute to research and development in the field of marine litter pollution.
Below we list a few central specialist organisations in Norway and relevant publications about beach cleaning.
|Title (including link)||Publisher||Author||Year||Principal / financed by|
|Strandsøppel dypdykk for forebygging av marin forsøpling||SALT||Falk-Andersson, J., Olaussen, E.D., Macintyre, C.||2019||Miljødirektoratet|
|Svalbard Beach Litter Deep Dive||SALT||Falk-Andersson, J., Strietman, W.J.||2019||The Svalbard Environmental Protection Fund|
|Kunnskapsstatus om marin forsøpling langs norskekysten||SALT||Havas, V., Falk-Andersson, J., Jacob, M., Harr, M.L., Standal, E.||2018||Handelens miljøfond|
|Kunnskapsstatus om plastforsøpling langs vassdrag og kyst, og vurdering av metoder for overvåkning.||NIVA||Lindholm, M., van Bravel, B., Bråte, I.L.N., Eidsvoll, P., Ranneklev, S, B., Hurley, R., Olsen, M.||2018||Handelens miljøfond|
|Feasibility of the PGS Plastic Collection Concept||SALT||Falk-Andersson, J., Harr, M.L., Standal, E., Havas, V., Nielsen, E.||2018||Petroleum Geo-Services ASA (PGS)|
|Plastic in the European Arctic||NP||Hallanger, I. G., Gabrielsen, G.W.||2018||Norsk Polar institutt (NP)|
|International Coastal Cleanup 2018, Report||OC||Ocean Concervancy||2018||Ocean Conservancy (OC)|
|Redusere marint avfall fra fiskeflåten (REMAFISK)||Nordlands-forskning||Vangelsten, B.V., Bay-Larsen, I., Harr M.L., Andersen, A.D., Melnes, M.||2018||Nordlandsforskning, SALT, Bodø kommune|
A research-based company owned by the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA). Akvaplan-niva works with research and innovation, industry and environment, environmental services to the public sector and aquacultural services. MALINOR is a Norwegian-Russian cooperation project led by Akvaplan-niva. The project aims to map and review the distribution of marine litter in the Arctic region.
GRIDA was established as a foundation in 1989. GRIDA functions as an information centre, focusing on international environmental problems, where marine plastic litter pollution of coastlines and seas is one of its core priorities. The centre takes part in several projects related to plastic pollution of the ocean. Below you will find links to more information and a selection of assignments and projects related to GRIDA:
Graphics and illustrations about sources, distribution, consequences and effects of pollution of the marine environment, used by researchers and the authorities to illustrate the plastic pollution issue.
Marine Litter Predictive Mapping: Cooperation project with e.g. SALT. The project maps areas where marine litter accumulates, and tools for professional beach cleaning in vulnerable areas.
INSTITUTE OF MARINE RESEARCH
The research and projects performed by the Institute of Marine Research are related to the marine environment, marine resources and use of the ocean, and to knowledge related to the coastal zone. This is Norway’s central oceanographic research community, and the institute has several projects related to effects and consequences of plastic in the ocean environment. The institute is working on various projects, looking at plastic pollution and its effect on the marine ecosystems , mapping waste on the seabed, and develops an overview map of “hot spots” for stranded marine waste along the coast.
Mepex is a centre of expertise with a special focus on waste and recycling. They have prepared reports and been involved in projects related to microplastics and mapping of sources of beach litter.
NIVA (Norwegian Institute for Water Research)
NIVA is Norway’s environmental research institute for water-related issues concerning environment, climate and resources. The institute combines research, surveillance, assessments, problem-solving and advisory services. Niva has projects related to the issue of microplastics in the marine environment. They also contribute in macroplastics projects, such as MARP and MALINOR.
NORCE (Norwegian Research Centre AS)
Norce is an independent research institute, established in 2017. Its major owners are the University of Bergen and Stavanger Research Holding AS. Norce has also run projects for mapping of plastic hotspots. They have also registered and mapped sources of marine waste via miljolare.no. Norce actively communicates knowledge and research related to plastic pollution of the ocean and the “plastic whale”.
NORWEGIAN POLAR INSTITUTE
The Norwegian Polar Institute is a directorate under the Ministry of Climate and Environment, and its activities include scientific research, environment surveillance and mapping of the Arctic region. The institute has an advisory function for Norwegian authorities regarding the polar areas. The Norwegian Polar Institute has contributed reports, research projects and surveillance of ocean plastics and beach litter in the Arctic.
SALT LOFOTEN AS
Salt is an independent expertise company with professional expertise in marine ecosystems, coastal industries, entrepreneurship and northern issues. SALT has worked with a number of areas, from communication and development of clean-up tools to research related to mapping of sources and distribution of marine waste along the coast and in the Arctic. Projects include: MAP, MALINOR, DYPDYKK, MARP, HAVPLAST and FISHING FOR LITTER.
Sintef is one of Europe’s largest independent research institutes. The focus is on applied research, technology and innovation. SINTEF Ocean coordinates and gathers relevant expertise on clean ocean research through the SINTEF Center for Clean Ocean Research. They have established various projects related to the consequences and effects of plastics in the ocean, with the objective of finding solutions to reduce the flow of plastics and remove plastics from the marine environment. SINTEF has broad cooperation with several research institutes and universities in their projects.
Text: Unn Holgersen
Photo: Bo Eide