For the third and final time, the Norwegian Centre for Oil Spill Preparedness and Marine Environment organised the forum on future oil spill preparedness (Forum for framtidas oljevern). This year's theme was oil spill preparedness in coastal and shoreline zones where, among other things, dispersion, trajectory modelling and learning from incidents were on the agenda.
The conference was held at the Thon Hotel Svolvær. Over two days, actors in Norwegian oil spill preparedness gathered to share knowledge and experiences about cleaning up oil in coastal and shoreline zones. The conference was a kind of hybrid where a small majority also participated digitally. Ingvild Skeie Liland, who was a speaker at the forum was pleased with this years conference.
Ingvild Skeie Liland from the Norwegian Centre for Oil Spill Preparedness and Marine Environment was the speaker at the conference.
– This is an important arena for knowledge sharing and collaboration. We have gained insight into important experiences from incidents, heard what works well, but also discussed the challenges we face, says Skeie Liland.
The conference consisted of many good lectures and through a workshop the participants had the opportunity to work further with the topics of standardisation, shoreline cleaning, evaluating and learning from incidents and synergies between oil spill preparedness and marine litter.
After Action Review
– When was the last time you read an evaluation report?
Nicklas Helgstrand and Anneli Skog presented the AAR (After Action Review) method and what it contributes to learning from incidents. It is used internationally by, among others, the WHO and is about assessing an incident from within through dialogue, where five questions are essential. It is efficient and works in incidents where the work required is interdisciplinary.
Nicklas Helgstrand from the Norwegian Fire and Rescue Service in Oslo Municipality and Anneli Skog from the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) presented the AAR method.
– You have to want to be a learning organisation and the management must be involved.
The method and what it can provide in terms of learning from exercises and emergency preparedness situations was the theme of one of the forum's four workshops.
Interdisciplinary knowledge exchange
This year's conference brought in speakers from several disciplines that contribute knowledge and analyses to the field of oil spill preparedness, but also from the specialised environments that work with emergency preparedness, knowledge acquisition, analyses and management:
- The Norwegian Coastal Administration provided insight into the state dispersal preparedness, which is now operational on two vessels, and what assessments must be made before this method is used during an operation.
- Andøya Space demonstrated the possibilities that lie in drone mapping to monitor, map and document in the event of an oil spill and the benefit of being able to follow an operation in real time.
- The Norwegian Meteorological Institute, the Norwegian Coastal Administration and the University of South-Eastern Norway showed how complex, useful and advanced it is to create trajectory models and good predictions of how an oil spill will move at sea, with wind, waves, ocean currents and underwater topography all having an impact.
DNV also presented the recent results from the literature review they have conducted in collaboration with Sintef to look at the effectiveness of mechanical recovery during an oil spill response. The result shows a wide range in efficiency where several factors come into play.
Programkomiteen ved Miljødirektoratet, Kystverket, NOFO, NOSCA, IUA og Equinor holder en oppsummerende samtale om hva som er felles behov, samt løfte fremtidige samarbeid og utviklingsprosjekter.
The way forward
The national collaborative forum for R&D oil spill preparedness has been working for a year and a half to make Norwegian oil spill preparedness more environmentally friendly and more efficient, and has achieved a lot.
– We use each other's expertise to strengthen emergency preparedness. In the forum we can look at disciplines, needs and technology development. I hope that you will continue to be a driving force when you continue your work at the Norwegian Coastal Administration, said Gro Øfjord from the Norwegian Environment Agency.
– We are able to jointly create the direction in which we must head, so that the efforts do not become splintered. We need sufficient breadth in the players involved, because you do not solve the problem with individual components, but rather with systems, said Eirik Langeland, cluster manager at Nosca Clean Oceans.
From 2022, the Norwegian Coastal Administration will take over the Norwegian Centre for Oil Spill Preparedness and Marine Environment's tasks in relation to oil spill preparedness. They will continue the forum on future oil spill preparedness (Forum for framtidas oljevern) and are looking at opportunities to expand the conference into acute pollution.
– Together with the work the Centre has done to strengthen Norwegian oil spill protection, we will further develop the forum and integrate it into our work from 2022, said Steinar Lodve Gyltnes.